located between 105#01' -110#E and 28#02' -31#07' , is right in the hinterland which
joins the estern part of China with the western part of China. It situated in
the upper reaches of the Yangtze River - at the confluence of Yangtze and Jialing
Rivers, in Southwest China. And it is in the southeastern part of the Sichuan
Basin, where the Changjiang and Jialing rivers meet, is the largest industrial
and commercial city in southwestern China and the economic center of the upper
reaches of the Changjiang River. Chongqing is a port city with the largest area
and population in China. It has an area of 82,400 square kilometers (31, 800 square
miles) and share borders with the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Guizhou, Sichuan
and Shaanxi. Beside the Han people that forms the majority of its total population
of 30.9 millions, there are numerous ethnic groups residing in Chongqing, such
as Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Qiang, You and TujiaIt is a metropolis under the direct
jurisdiction of the Central Government. Called Yu for short, Chongqing was established
some 3,000 years ago. It is also known as a city of mountains, rivers, and fog.
Chongqing is most attractive at night. It has many places of interest in both
urban and rural areas. Traveling eastward along the Changjiang River, one can
enjoy the magnificent Three Gorges.
year from May through June, the International Travel Festival is held in Chongqing.
has one of the most unpleasant climates in the country, situated in the subtropical
zone and fostering an intensive and moist atmosphere. The annual average temperature
here is 18 oc with lows of 6 to 8 oc in winter and highs of 27 to 29 oc in summer.
Chongqing is frequent cloudy and foggy, even in the summer months and pollution
levels here are high. Spring and winter are the best seasons to visit here and
the rainy autumnal season is best avoided.
has a large rural area where is abundant with rice, pig, tea, silkworm cocoon,
citrus fruits, tobacco and raw materials for Chinese medicine.
has 12 counties out of 100 highest hog-yield counties in the country. Rongchuang
hog ranks the first of China' s three best varieties of studhogs and is reputed
to be China' s treasure. Shizhu County produces one ninth of China' s Angora rabbits.
China' s biggest producer of natural tung oil. Qiangjiang region teems with over
500 species of Chinese medicinal raw materials. Its output over 300 tons listed
for purchase by the state tops that of the nation. Also developed in Chongqing
is silkworm cocoon production, output of which ranks fourth in China.
40 kinds of minerals have been known and exploited, 25 kinds of minerals' reserves
including coal, natural gas, strontium, rock salt, manganese, bauxite, marble,
lime-stone, barytes and barium have been ascertained. Among these, reserves and
quality grade of coal, natural gas, bauxite, rock salt, strontium, manganese and
barium occupy distinctive advantages in whole China. Chongqing has rich natural
gas reserve, and it is an important nationwide exploiting area. The known reserves
of strontium, manganese and barium respectively rank first, second and third respectively
has an average total amount of water resources of 5000 billion cubic meters, and
total hydropower reserves of 14.4 million kilowatt. After the completion of Three
Gorges Project, most of 1084 square kilometers of water area in the reservoir
area will provide Chongqing with great advantages for its aquiculture and hydropower
exploitation. The total hydroelectric installed capacity every per sq. km. of
Chongqing is three times of the national average. By the prominent limestone caves,
there are rich resources of mineral water with great potential reserves for exploitation.