Opera is one of the most famous opera in China, and has a very long history.
is popular in Sichan province, and some area of Yunan province
and Guizhou province. Some opera, like Kun aria, Gao aria, Huqin
opera), Tan opera, which came from the other provinces ,and
showdown play, Sichan local art, played individually in Sichan.
Since Qianlong period( 1736-1795), because these five operas
often played together, the common style opera came into being.
So it was called Sichan opera.
Because of the
different places and teachers, Sichan opera came into some genres gradually. Some
genres called by name of actors, such as Danhanghuan, Sanxingfu, Caojunchen. Some
genres called by area which are West Sichan, Ziyanghe, North Sichan, East Sichan.
arts has daily life scene as basement and form into prefect
act process. The play has high literature value. The play is
living and humorous which loved by people very much. The actors
have created some stunts, such as holding in the palm, facing
off, getting through the fire ring, and hiding knives. All are
wonderful.Facing off is a unique skill of the opera, and grasped
only by few people.Facing off is the masterpiece and essence
of the present Sichuan opera, which has been widely publicized
and known. As the essence of the Sichuan opera, even you have
a close watch
before the actor; you still can not find Know-how.
or face change in English, is the one of the artistry of the
stagecraft, which reflects the minds and sentiments of the stage
performers in a romantic way. Generally, the art of face off
has three ways:
Nian ( ' Mo ' is a verb); the actors or actresses first paint
the paints on certain parts of their face, when they need to
change the upper part of the face, they just need to pain the
paints on their forehead or eyebrows, if they want to change
the lower part of the face, they paint on their cheek or nose.
Nian ( ' Chui ' is also a verb): this act art is limited to
use powder paints, such as golden powder, blanc powder ,silver
powder and so on. when needed, the powder will be put in tiny
boxes which will be hid in somewhere on the stage, when stage
performing needs to do face change, the actors or actresses
will do lowering action of their body, then blowing into the
box which is needed on that time, the powder will sent onto
the face ,the color of the face changed.
Nian ( ' Chui ' is a verb): Compared to the first two, this
art is much more complicated. they actor or actress need to
pain faces(we mean Face masks) on air-thin silk or drocade,
and then cut them, tie a tiny stripe onto them one by one, at
the last step, atach them on their face, hide the tiny ropes
on a secret place of their acting robe, with the going on of
the performance, they take off the faces one by one or put them
back to their face one by one.