The Three Travelers' Cave is located on a cliff of the northern peak
of the Xiling Hill. It is 10 kilometers northwest of Yichang City,
overlooking the magnificent Nanjin Pass - the exit of the great Xiling
Gorge, and the Gezhouba Hydro-electric Project.
The origin of
this cave may be traced back to the Tang Dynasty. In 819, three
Tang Dynasty poets, Bai Juyi, his brother Bai Xingjian and Yuan
Zhen, met in Yichang and made an excursion to this site. While enjoying
the spectacular scenery, they inscribed some poems on the cave walls.
Afterwards they were considered as the 'First Three Travelers'.
Later during the Song Dynasty, namely about 700 years ago, the famous
litterateur Su Xun with his two sons Su Shi and Su Zhe - also two
noted authors, visited here twice and wrote some poems
and articles; soon the cave became famous throughout China.
Cave has two interconnected entrances, one as wide and tall as a
city gate while the other so low that a tourist has to climb through
it on all fours. The bigger section measures six meters in height
and 20-30 meters both in breadth and depth.Three stalactites divide
it into two chambers, the front one being spacious and bright and
the rear one having a ceiling shaped like a hanging bell. The floor
of the cave issues the sound of a drum when the tourist stamps his
feet on it, and smaller rocks near its walls sound like a chime
when struck. These are three wonders of Three Travelers' Cave: Heavenly
Bell, Earth Drum, and Side Chime. Cool in summer and warm in winter.More
than forty stone inscriptions both inside and outside the cave are
still discernible. Poet and articles might not be that famous to
western travelers, but it is truly a great place to sample the greatness
of the Three Gorges. When you see people on the ships far away waving
to you and yielding, you can stop waving and yielding back from
the high cliff.A road made of planks leads to the cliff cave. The
thirty-meter long cave is considered a magic fairyland of stalactites,
stalagmites and stone pillars. Fifteen meters inside the cave, a
pair of big stalactite pillars dangles down like a gate, which divides
the cave into two parts. Many poetic inscriptions on the interior
cliff walls demonstrate different calligraphy styles and are highly
valued in the study of Chinese literature. An ear-like cave lying
beside Three Travelers' Cave offers a panoramic view of the Yangtze
cave, there are many historical sites related to the Long Brilliance
Period. The most famous is a tower peak, on top of which stands
a statue of Zhang Fei, a general of Shu in Three Kingdom Period.
It was said that he beat drums to train his troops here.
At the south
of the cave, there is a tower peak, on top of which stands a statue
of Zhang Fei, a general of Shu in Three Kingdom Period. It was said
that he had hit drums to train his troops here. And small platform
got its name "Zhang Fei Hitting Drum Platform".
Cave is a tourist highlight both because of its approximate to Yichang
and the spectacular terrain it is on. It is caught between towering
peaks and skirted by a clear stream called Xialao Brook. Its top
commands a view of Nanjin Pass where the dangerous upper section
of the Yangtze River gives way to the middle reaches along which
navigation is relatively easy.
a cliff of the northern peak of Xiling Hill, 10 kilometers northwest
of Yichang city, Three Travelers' Cave overlooks Xialiao Stream.
Carved with poems and graffiti of ancient visitors, the cave is
frequently visited by admiring visitors.